Determination of Qibla direction is given the most basic knowledge on astronomy lecture. An understanding of a spherical earth and determining the direction of the earth’s surface using a triangular ball is always applied in determining the direction of Qibla. Astronomy as the science of astronomy including the oldest Muslim scientists first developed originally for thepurposes of worship . Determination of direction and timing of concern astronomy, therefore is important in understanding the arguments related syar’i direction and time.
Initially I calculate Qibla direction is considered complicated, therefore only astronomer who can do it. But now, with berkembangkan computers and programming languages, the count is easily made in the form of application program so that everyone can calculate the direction of Qibla. Stay taught how to determine the direction of so many degrees that use the sun compass or shadow. The existence of GPS to determine the coordinates of the place and also function as a compass increasingly provide convenience.
Astronomer provide the easiest alternative. If the Grand Mosque is a very high tower with very bright lights on top so everyone can see it in many countries, then we would be very easy to determine the direction of Qibla. Simply by looking at the lights above the Grand Mosque. Now, astronomer knows no natural light so bright that at certain moments just above Mecca, around the Grand Mosque. That’s the sun.
At about the 28th of May and approximately 15/16 July each year at noon at Mecca, the sun was directly overhead. It was then that people in Makkah did not see their own shadow because the sun perpendicular on top of them. But elsewhere in the world could see the sun, there is a shadow object that can be used as a guide direction of Qibla.
At that moment as if we’re looking at very bright lights over the Grand Mosque and the imaginary lines we become Haram directions. So, based on the proposition syar’i, hadapkanlah we face when praying in that direction. That is the direction of Qibla. Very, very easy. Staying see the sun and shadow at around 16:18 pm (28 May) or 16:27 pm (15/16 July).
If we want to implement the proposition syar’i QS 2:144, that’s when the most appropriate. No need calculation formula triangle ball. No need computer. No need to compass. Simply look at the sun, we are then facing the Grand Mosque. If it is disturbed cloud in the day, plus minus 2 days from that date and plus minus 5 minutes from time was still sufficiently accurate to determine the Qibla direction for relatively slow changes in the position of the sun.
With the development of satellite technology and the internet, we now can determine the qibla direction directly by looking at satellite imagery in the location we want. Site www.qiblalocator.com mark a red line that leads to the temple at the Grand Mosque. If we use a laptop, just spread your laptop screen sesuah direction or road building around us that were recorded on satellite images. Direction is determined by qiblalocator has proved equal to the results of calculations using a ball or a triangle with the sun shadow on special occasions mentioned above.
When the implementation of QS 2:144 syar’i theorem can be carried out precisely and easily with the help of science (astronomy) and technology, should we retreat to the back of just “facing west”? It should not, except in circumstances we can not determine precisely. Our society is getting smarter. “The direction of the West” in the physical-technical language easily understood around the point of sunset, approximately azimuth 270 degrees. If true fatwa “facing west” was implemented, meaning fatwa lead people to overlook the direction of Africa. With the knowledge of even simple geography, people easily see the direction towards West Indonesia to Africa. Is not that precisely Sura 2:144 denies ordering facing the Grand Mosque in Mecca?
Leads to the point of the Kaaba, or the Grand Mosque is now no longer a problem with the help of astronomy and technology. Is that the point overlooking the Kaaba means we curved rows? Like we make a circle, near the center point of the circle is a curved line. That’s what happens on the line rows within the Grand Mosque. The farther from the center of the circle, the circle seemed to grow straight, barely recognizable form of the arch. Thus the rows in places far from Mecca.
We are often brought on mathematical complexity (which is actually not necessary) when it wants high accuracy in determining the direction of Qibla. Mistake one degree in Indonesia (which is about 8000 km to the West Java) can cause large deviations in Mecca (about 140 km in distance). Something similar can we turn it over. In Indonesia there is a very long rows along the 140 km (approximately the distance from Jakarta to Bandung), to overlook the point of him going to the same temple with rows of people stretching back to within 40 meters of the temple, with only about 1 degree angle. So do not imagine when facing the Kaaba, or Grand Mosque point as the line will be curved rows.